Friendship is one of the basic bonds between human beings. While the characteristics of friendship might vary from one country to another, people from all cultures not only enjoy friends but need them.
Many studies have shown that teenagers who have no friends often suffer from psychological disorders. It has been shown that teenagers, perhaps more than any other age group, need companionship and a sense of belonging. The negative consequences of loneliness have also been observed among the elderly. The death of a spouse often leaves a widow or a widower totally bereft. If, however, they are surrounded by friends and relatives and if they are able to articulate their feelings, they are more likely to recover from their grief.
“No man is an island.” In other words, we are all parts of society. We all need the love, admiration, respect and moral support of other people. If we are fortunate, our friends will provide us with all of these necessary aspects of life.
As most people observe, there are many levels of friendship. The degree of intimacy of friendship varies depending on the personality of the individuals involved and the context of the relationships. Extroverts enjoy being surrounded by many people whereas introverts are perhaps content with fewer but more intense friendships.
Everyone is not equally open with all their friends. The degree of intimacy is determined by many factors. Close friends can be formed at any stage in one’s life but they are usually very rare. Not very many people have more than a few really close friends. Irrespective of the level of intimacy, all friendships are based on reciprocity, honesty and a certain amount of love and affection.
136. The second paragraph implies that ______.
A. teenagers without friends will suffer from psychological problems
B. a widow or a widower will die very soon without companionship
C. human beings need companionship and a sense of belonging
D. both A and B
137. “No man is an island” (Line 1, Para. 3) implies that ______.
A. everyone is a part of an island
B. man cannot be an island
C. everyone is just a part of society
D. society is an island
138. The degree of intimacy of friendship mainly depends on ______.
139. The author thinks that close friends ______.
A. can be easily formed when one is young
B. cannot be long-lasting
C. are not rare for everyone
D. are rare for most people
140. The word “irrespective” (last sentence, Para. 5) means ______.
A. not respecting
137.【答案】C。解析：推断题。No man is an island (Line 1, Para. 3)的字面意思是“没有人是一座孤岛”，隐含的意思是“每个人都是社会的一部分”。根据第三段第二句话In other words, we are all parts of society可以推断出来，所以C为正确答案。
138.【答案】C。解析：细节题。“友谊的亲密程度主要取决于人的个性。”根据第四段第二句The degree of intimacy of friendship varies depending on the personality of the individuals ...，所以C为正确答案。
139.【答案】D。解析：推理题。“作者认为多数人的亲密朋友并不多。”见第五段第三句Close friends can be formed at any stage in one’s life but they are usually very rare(在人生的任何阶段都可以交到亲密的朋友，但数量通常很少)，由此推断D为正确答案。
140.【答案】C。解析：词义猜测题。irrespective(第五段最后一句)这个词语的意思是“不论、不考虑”。见最后一句irrespective of the level of intimacy, all friendships are based on ...(不论亲密的程度如何，任何友谊都是建立在互惠、诚实和一定的友爱和关怀的基础之上的。)上文一直在说友谊亲密的程度受很多因素影响，一个人一生中能找到的亲密的朋友并不多，画线词语之后说的是所有的友谊都是建立在一些因素基础之上的，从亲密的朋友到所有的友谊，由此可以猜测画线词语是“不论，不考虑”的意思，所以C为正确答案。其他选线的意思是：not respecting不尊重;dishonoring使……丧失名誉;considering考虑到，就……论。